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Efo Riro is a rich vegetable soup that is native to the Yorubas of Western Nigeria. The vegetables that can be used to cook this soup are water leaves and pumpkin leaves. If these are not readily available where you live, frozen spinach is a very good substitute –
If you are vegetarian, it will be served without the meats.
Ingredients for Efo Riro
Assorted meat and fish. For my Efo Riro, I used:
Shaki (cow tripe)
20 cl palm oil
Frozen Spinach: 1 kg
2 tablespoons ground crayfish
1 medium onion
3 big stock cubes (spinach needs more seasoning)
Salt & Habanero / Scotch Bonnet peppers (to taste)
Other meats you can add to Efo Riro:
The more the variety of meats and fish you can add to Efo Riro, the better so feel free to add: snails and other offals, kanda etc.
Before you cook Efo Riro
Soak the stockfish and dry fish for a few hours. The length of time depends on how hard the stock fish is. Mine soaks in under 1 hour. When soft, clean the fish, remove the bones and separate them into small pieces.
Cut the frozen spinach and wring out the excess water when fully defrosted.
Prepare other ingredients: pound/blitz the pepper, cut the onions and grind the crayfish.
Start cooking the shaki first with as little water as possible (see video below) as it is the toughest meat in the bunch. This soup should have as little water as possible so add small amounts of water at a time and top it up as you cook.
When the shaki starts to curl, add the dry fish and stockfish.
When the shaki is almost done, add beef, stock cubes and onions and cook till all the meat and fish are well done.
Top up the water to about half the contents of the pot. Add the crayfish, smoked fish, pepper and palm oil.
Cover the pot and cook at high heat till the oil has changed from red to yellow.
Add the spinach or any other soft vegetable: pumpkin, water leaves etc.
Cover and cook still it gets a good boil, taking care not to overcook the vegetables. Add salt to taste and leave to simmer for 2 more minutes.